What is Heat Exhaustion?
Heat exhaustion is when the internal temperature of the body overheats passed the normal body temperature of about 98.6°F. This can happen when a person is outdoors, in the sun, for too long, dehydration, wearing clothes that prevent your sweat from evaporating from your body. Your body sweats in order to cool your body’s temperature. Children 5 and under are at a higher risk of overheating.
What are the Signs or Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion in Children?
Signs of overheating are slightly different in young children than in adults. For adults, symptoms can include muscle cramps, dizziness, headaches, nausea, and more. As for children, look for these warning signs:
- Vomiting or nausea
- Rapid breathing
- Clammy skin
Treatment for Heat Exhaustion in Children
If you believe your child is at risk of heat exhaustion, take your child inside where it is air-conditioned or move them to the shade. Have them drink a sports drink to increase electrolytes. To cool their internal temperature quicker, give them a cool bath or wipe their body down with a cool washcloth. After you wipe them down, sit them in front of a fan. You may need to remove clothing so that their body can cool quicker.
As always, seek medical attention if needed. If your child’s temperature reaches 105°F seek medical attention immediately.
How can I prevent Heat Exhaustion?
- Take plenty of breaks in the shade or inside
- Drink lots of fluids (especially water)
- Wear light, airy clothing